Asthma is a chronic disease involving the airways in the lungs. These airways, or bronchial tubes, allow air to come in and out of the lungs. If you have asthma, your airways are always inflamed. They become more swollen and the muscles around the airways can tighten when something triggers the symptoms. This makes it difficult for air to move in and out of the lungs, causing symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and or chest tightness.
Asthma Symptoms & Diagnosis
According to leading experts in asthma, symptoms of asthma and best treatment vary.
Asthma symptoms, also called asthma flare-ups or asthma attacks, are often caused by allergies and exposure to allergens. Asthma symptoms may be worse during exercise, suffering from a cold or during times of high stress.
The most common symptom is wheezing. This is a scratchy or whistling sound when breathing. Other symptoms include:
• Shortness of breath or rapid breathing, which may be associated with exercise
• Chest tightness or pain
• Chronic cough
• Trouble sleeping due to coughing or wheezing
Children with asthma may show the same symptoms as adults: coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. For some children, chronic cough may be the only symptom. Coughing that is constant or that is made worse by viral infections, happens while the child is asleep, or is triggered by exercise and cold air; and wheezing or whistling sound when the child exhales. Further, the child may either slow down or stop playing because of chest tightness or fatigue. Other symptoms include problems feeding or grunting during feeding.
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